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美国脑瘫小孩受教育的情况

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发表于 2010-2-23 23:21:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
下面一些文章翻译自4mychild 网站,这是一家美国网站,旨在帮助脑瘫和脑损伤患儿家长的,非常值得一看。

希望各位有时间能把上面的内容翻译一下,以供国内借鉴。

http://www.4mychild.com 以下内容主要是借助google 翻译的,大家凑合的看吧。




Protect Your Child: Send Her to School
保护你的孩子:送她上学吧

Every parent remembers her child's first day of school.It is a bitter sweet time that is terrifying and thrilling for you both.Yet you can't help but wonder if the teachers will be as kind and supportive as you know they should be.And you worry about other kids teasing your child or singling her out because she is “different.”

每位家长都记得孩子上学的第一天。这是一个既痛苦又甜蜜的时刻,既让人害怕又让人激动。 你不禁怀疑,我们的老师是否像你知道他们应该做的那样和蔼和负责, 而且你担心其他孩子取笑你的孩子或孤立她,因为她的“与众不同”。

To keep your child “safe,” you may be tempted to home school him. That is a personal decision many parents have to make. However, letting your child interact with other kidsa”even those who do not have Cerebral Palsya”is healthy for your child, emotionally and developmentally.

为了您的孩子“安全,”你可能很想自己在家教育她。这是个人的决定,很多家长都必须作出的。然而,让您的孩子与他人互动,“即使是那些没有脑瘫的孩子”,对您孩子的健康,情感和发育都更有好处。

Letting her learn how to interact with other people is also excellent for developing her self-esteem and prepares her for adulthood.Ultimately, your childa”though differenta”will be expected to socialize with the rest of society.This is something you should look forward to.

让她学会如何与他人互动,对她发展自尊是很好的,也是为她成年做好准备。 最终,您的孩子尽管“与众不同“,仍将有望与社会其他成员发展社交关系。 这也应该是你所期待的。

Fortunately, thanks to federal law, your child has a legal right to attend public school.She is entitled to the same free education as every other child in America.

幸运的是,联邦法律下,你的孩子有权进入公立学校。 她有权同在美国的其他孩子一样,享有免费教育。

Know Your Child's Options Before School Begins
在上学之前,了解你孩子的选择

Before sending your child off to school, you need to know if he has a learning disability or is physically impaired in such a way that interferes with his learning.If so, and he qualifies for special education assistance, his school day may assume one of a number of scenarios.

在发送您的孩子去学校前,你需要知道他是否有学习障碍或身体上的损害,以某种方式干扰他的学习。 如果是这样,他可能符合特别教育的援助条件,他在学校的一天就是其中场景之一。

Today, it is increasingly common to “mainstream” special ed children into regular classrooms. Ideally, this means that your child would be included in the classroom with other kids her age and learn what they are learning.The exception would be that her daily work may be modified to accommodate her learning disability.This “inclusion” is ideal for special needs kids and can work very well.

今天,人们越来越普遍的“主流”意识是将特殊儿童的教育纳入正规课堂。理想情况下,这意味着您的孩子将被包容在其他同龄孩子中,和他们学习同样的内容。 可能的例外是,她的日常作业可能被修改,以适应她的学习情况。 这种“包容”对有特别需要的孩子们是最理想的,能够很好地运作。

How Does Your Child's School Define “Inclusion?”
你孩子所在的学校是如何定义“共融?” 的

Unfortunately, in some schools, the term “inclusion” means that your child will learn what the other kids are learning but will be physically separated from them.For example, the teacher may seat her at the back of the classroom.This is not “inclusion.” As a parent, you must advocate for her to be with her peers.

不幸的是,在一些学校中,“共融”指的是你的孩子学习其它孩子学习的东西,但在身体上将他们分开。 例如,教师让你的孩子坐在教室的后面。 这不是“共融”。身为父母,你必须提倡她应该与她的同龄人在一起。

Another option is a “contained” classroom.This means that your child will learn in a classroom with other special ed children. He will not spend very much time with other kids in his school.

另一种选择是“包含”教室。 这意味着,您的孩子将与其他接受特别教育的儿童在一个教室学习。他就不会有很多时间同学校里的其他孩子在一起了。


Whatever setting your child's school offers, take the time to ensure that she will receive all the help she needs to get a good education, which includes having an overall positive experience.Start by educating yourself as much as possible about state and federal laws designed to help children like yours.Terms such as Individual Education Plan (IEP),
504 Plan, and Other Health Impaired (OHI) are terms you will need to know and understand.Read on to find out more.

无论您孩子的学校提供何种环境,花时间以确保您的孩子将得到她需要的所有帮助,得到良好的教育,其中包括具有正面的整体体验。 首先尽可能多的学习州政府和联邦政府的那些旨在帮助像你孩子那样儿童的法律。您需要知道和了解如个别教育计划(IEP),504计划,和其他健康受损(OHI)条款的规定。阅读得越多了解的信息更多。

Prepare to be Your Child's Voice of Support
准备为孩子受教育的权利而据理力争


Depending on the state or city you live in, you could find yourself battling with the school district to get the special education assistance your child has a legal right to.

It is both tragic and disappointing that parents often must fight for their child's access to special equipment and special educators or therapists.Yet that is the reality of public education as it stands today.

为了获得你孩子依法应该获得的所需的特别教育援助,你可能发现自己正在与学区做斗争,这依赖于你所在的州或城市。家长们常常不得不为了孩子们获得康复设备、特教教师或治疗师而去斗争,这是悲剧性的和令人失望的。 然而,这是当今公共教育的现状。



As most parents and educators are painfully aware, public schools tend to be under fundeda”they lack the cash flow they ideally require to meet each student's needs.

All State Education Departments are Not Created Equal。

School funding varies from state to state.Each state also sets its own “standard” or level of disability that your child must demonstrate in order to qualify for educational assistance.

What this means: while your child's mental impairment or physical handicap may in fact interfere with her learning, she may not qualify for special assistance in your state.But she may qualify in another state.For example, if you live in New York, it is easier for your child to qualify for special education help than it would be if you lived in Utah.New York has a higher tax rate than Utah and allocates more money to helping children in need.With more funds available to help children, more children can qualify for help.

正像大多数家长和教育工作者们都痛苦地认识到的,公立学校趋向于资金不足,缺乏现金流,他们无法理想的满足每个学生的需要。

各个州的教育部门也不是平等的。学校的资金各州也不同。 每个州也都提出了自己的残疾“标准”或级别,您的孩子必须满足,才能有资格获得教育援助。

这意味着:当你的孩子的智力障碍或身体残疾实际上可能干扰她的学习时,她也可能没有资格在您所在的州获得特别援助。 但如果她在另一个州就可能有资格。

例如,如果您住在纽约,就远比住在犹他州更容易获得一些特别的教育帮助。 纽约比犹他州税率高,可分配更多的钱帮助有需要的儿童。随着更多的资金来帮助孩子,所以更有多的儿童可享受到的援助。
发表于 2010-2-24 11:17:40 | 显示全部楼层
真相成为美国人啊,呵呵,干脆偷渡过去打工拿绿卡把孩子接过去算了
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